Democratic Party: seats in the senate 46 /100, seats in the house 193 / 435 after the 2016 elections they have been the minority
Republican party: seats in the senate 52 / 100, seats in the house 239 / 435
Primary: a preliminary election to appoint delegates to a party conference or to select the candidates for a principal, especially presidential, election
Caucus a meeting at which local members of a political party register their preference among candidates running for office or select delegates to attend a convention
National Convention: a convention of a major political party, especially one that nominates a candidate for the presidency.
General Election: a regular election of candidates for office, as opposed to a primary election.
I think that it is important to note how early a potential candidate is expected to affiliate with a political party. Unfortunately, this polarizes the electoral process, but some people say that without two strongly represented bodies the decision process slows dramatically.
Control elements include the number of citizens who can vote, the number of electoral college votes, and the day of the election. In each step the decision process is narrowed, until, eventually we’re left with our newly elected president.
The purpose of this system is to educate the public of the electoral system. I think too many young people don’t fully understand the process. In short, someone has to make the decisions because we can vote on everything. The electoral process is design to select the most qualified and representative candidate.